Soul of the western culture, Greece developed fundamental concepts for humanity such as philosophy or democracy.
The literary arts had an unprecedented flourishment: poetry, narrative and specially theater, first entertainment for the masses. The Greeks lived in city-states known as polis. If Sparta became famous for their soldiers’ bravery and the austerity of their social and private life, Athens achieved such fame by their politic and artistic achievements.
Speaking of achievements, the Greek (or Macedonian) symbol who embodied a true bridge between Greece and the rest of civilizations must be mentioned: Alexander the Great.
Athens, cradle of democracy
Goddess Athena, who gave the olive tree to humanity, presides over the Greek polis where the political system that now rules in most countries was created.