Greece, cradle of democracy | Ifergan Collection | Malaga Musseum

Greece

Soul of the western culture, Greece developed fundamental concepts for humanity such as philosophy or democracy.

The literary arts had an unprecedented flourishment: poetry, narrative and specially theater, first entertainment for the masses. The Greeks lived in city-states known as polis. If Sparta became famous for their soldiers’ bravery and the austerity of their social and private life, Athens achieved such fame by their politic and artistic achievements.

Speaking of achievements, the Greek (or Macedonian) symbol who embodied a true bridge between Greece and the rest of civilizations must be mentioned: Alexander the Great.

Athens, cradle of democracy

Goddess Athena, who gave the olive tree to humanity, presides over the Greek polis whe­re the political system that now rules in most countries was created.

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Ilirian helmet.Bronze. 6th-5th century b. C.

One of its inventors was Pericles, in a context when philosophy, theater, poetry and other arts made of that Greece the soul of Europe, a soul watered with wine and olive oil.

Theater

Created by Greeks, the theater was the first mass spectacle of history. The women could not act and the actors wore several masks with different expressions.

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Volute Krater. Red-figure Pottery. 330-320 b. C.

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Aphrodite´s sculpture. Terracotta. 3rd-2nd century b. C

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Figure of horse and rider in battle. Terracotta. 4th-3rd century b. C.

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Alexander the Great Coin. Silver. 300 b. C